If not treated immediately, low back pain (LBP) aka lower back pain can disrupt one’s activity due to the pain that appears. Well, one way to help overcome low back pain by doing physiotherapy by visiting physiotherapy clinic www.iphysio.sg.
Some physiotherapy that can be done to overcome LBP is heat therapy, ultrasound, Tens, lumbal traction, and exercise therapy. Heat therapy is divided into Short Wave Diathermy (SWD), infrared, and Microwave Diathermy (MWD). Then, there are various other therapies. Anything? Here’s the exposure.
1. Heat therapy with SWD
Hot therapy with penetration in using electromagnetic wave frequency 27,12 MHz. The goals of SWD include improving blood circulation, improving soft tissue flexibility, and reducing spasm (spasms) of muscles.
2. Heat therapy with infrared
This therapy uses electromagnetic waves with a frequency of 770 nm to 106 nm. Target therapy is only up to the outer skin tissue). The purpose of this therapy is to facilitate blood flow and reduce spasm.
3. Heat therapy with MWD
MWD is a therapeutic application using the microwave in a 2456Mhz electromagnetic wave. Penetration on MWD is only 3 cm and effective on muscle problems. The purpose of this therapy is to increase local metabolism that leads to vasodilation (dilation of blood vessels).
Ultrasound is a therapy using high sound waves with frequencies 1 and 3 Mhz. Use of Ultrasound at the waist area. The goal, to reduce pain and improve the healing process of collagen.
5. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
Therapy with the use of electrical energy to stimulate the nervous system through the skin surface. The purpose of tens in LBP is to prevent muscle atrophy, inhibiting the occurrence of pain at sensory, spinal, and supraspinal levels.
6. Lumbar traction
It is a physiotherapy device with mechanical forces aimed at separating or loosening joints and soft tissues. Meanwhile, exercise therapy is physiotherapy by using gestures either actively or passively. The goal, to maintain and improve the ability of mobility, flexibility, coordination and functional body. For the dose and frequency of therapy and where the therapy used must depend on the condition of each patient. No patient preparation is special. However, therapies such as SWD should not be given to pregnant women.
In patients with LBP, if it has been done several times therapy and evaluation but no change, then therapy will stop and advised patients to follow-up such as surgery.